Tanzania

Tanzania

TZ option 1Adolescents aged 10-19 constitute 50% of Tanzania’s rapidly growing population.[1] Tanzania has one of Africa’s fastest growing economies—yet widespread poverty persists with 68% (2007) of the population living below the extreme poverty line of $1.25 per day.[2]

HIV

The impact of the HIV epidemic in Tanzania is enormous: an estimated 1.4 million people are living with HIV, and about 100,000 people are newly infected each year while 86,000 die annually. Although national HIV prevalence is declining (down to 5.1%[3] from 7.0% in 2003/4[4]), there is tremendous variation in different geographical regions—with some regions in Tanzania having prevalence rates as high as 14.8%. There are also substantial gender disparities in HIV prevalence. Prevalence among Tanzanian young women age 15-24 are approximately double the rates of adolescent boys and young men in the same age range.[5]

The combination of poverty and the HIV epidemic has led to disrupted family structures and an estimated 1.3 million children orphaned or vulnerable.

The Bantwana Initiative is working to address the hardships facing Tanzania’s most vulnerable children by collaborating with communities, local institutions, and the government.

Gender-based Violence

A recent national survey on violence against children (VAC) found that nearly one-in-three girls and one-in-six boys reported at least one experience of sexual violence prior to age 18. Childhood sexual violence is related to an increased number of sexual partners and thus increases the vulnerability of these children as documented by numerous organizations and studies.[6] Furthermore, an estimated one-in-five children is engaged in child labor.

Our programs are evidence-based and provide a full range of  services and opportunities to children and families affected by HIV/AIDS to keep them healthy, safe, stable, schooled—and remain HIV negative. For children and adults living with HIV, Bantwana supports enrollment, adherence, and retention to antiretroviral therapy through a range of socio-economic “wrap-around” services and referral networks.

Current Projects:

 Past Projects:

[1] 2012 Population and Housing Census.
[2] 2012 Population and Housing Census.
[3] 2012 Population and Housing Census.
[4] THMIS 2011/12
[5] THMIS 2003/4
[6] For example, young women age 23-24 have an HIV prevalence rate of 6.6%, as compared to 2.8% for young men aged 23-24.
[7] Sources include the following studies and organizations: the National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework (NMSF), Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) VAC in Tanzania Findings from a National Survey 2009 VAC 2011. 4; the Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS) 2011, Child Sex Abuse Research; United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).